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Aids for ananalytical and biologigal laboratories

Membrane ultrafilters Pragopor

Membrane ultrafilters Pragopor

 

 

The ultrafilters available under the trade name Pragopor are microporous membranes made of nitrocellulose. The porous structure of the filters is created by a lamellated system of small voids which nevertheless enables separation even of the tiniest particles.
 

Features::
  • almost entire filtration performance
  • good chemical durability against most acids, alkalis and some solvents
  • very low weight and negligible hygroscopicity
  • negligible ash residue after burning (0,03 – 0,05 % by weight)
  • good retention capability of the filters for the particles, clogging of the pores and, consequently, the final inactivation of the filters being a very slow process
  • very smooth surface of a chalk-white colour
  • possibility of making the filters translucent and easy mineralization and dissolution of the filters in some organic solvents if required
  • possibility of a treatment of the substance retained on the filter for its examination by electron microscopy

The membrane ultrafilters are useful instruments in many fields of laboratory work, e.g.:

  • microbiology, pharmacy, hygiene and epidemiology either for cultivation of germs or for their proof and identification through microscopy
  • in virology for sterilization and determination of the germs suspensions
  • for the determination of the bacterial pollution of gases and liquids
  • for the separation of solid particles from both gases and liquids
  • for water analysis as well as many other physical and chemical instrumental methods

The Pragopor membrane ultrafilters are manufactured in the shape of small sectors of the diameter 24 – 150 mm (most often 35 mm and 50 mm) or as square-shaped foils of the size 0,5 x 0,5 m in the particular sorts designated by number 1 – 11, the number being assigned to the respective pore size:

Designation of the filter Size of the pores µm Examples of usage
Pragopor 1 4,0 ± 1,0 Prefiltration cytology
Pragopor 2 2,5 ± 0,5 Radioactive aerosols
Pragopor 4 0,85 ± 0,15 Microbiology of gases, filtration of solutions, air pollution analysis
Pragopor 5 0,6 ± 0,1 Routine microbiology of milk and dairy products, water filtration
Pragopor 6 0,4 ± 0,06 Sterile filtration of liquids
Pragopor 7 0,3 ± 0,04 Separation of microbes
Pragopor 8 0,23 ± 0,03 Separation of colloid particles from solutions, observation by electron microscope
Pragopor 9 0,17 ± 0,03 Filtration of viruses and phaguses
Pragopor 10 0,12 ± 0,02 Filtration of high-molecular proteins
Pragopor 11 0,05 ± 0,01 Ultrafiltration of proteins

Pragopor sterilized membrane ultrafilters

Pragopor sterilized membrane ultrafilters

The ultrafilters available under the trade name Pragopor are microporous membranes made of nitrocellulose. The porous structure of the filters is created by a lamellated system of small voids which nevertheless enables separation even of the tiniest particles.
 

Features:

  • almost entire filtration performance
  • good chemical durability against most acids, alkalis and some solvents
  • very low weight and negligible hygroscopicity
  • negligible ash residue after burning (0,03 – 0,05 % by weight)
  • good retention capability of the filters for the particles, clogging of the pores and, consequently, the final inactivation of the filters being a very slow process
  • very smooth surface of a chalk-white colour
  • possibility of making the filters translucent and easy mineralization and dissolution of the filters in some organic solvents if required
  • possibility of a treatment of the substance retained on the filter for its examination by electron microscopy

The membrane ultrafilters are useful instruments in many fields of laboratory work, e.g.:

  • microbiology, pharmacy, hygiene and epidemiology either for cultivation of germs or for their proof and identification through microscopy
  • in virology for sterilization and determination of the germs suspensions
  • for the determination of the bacterial pollution of gases and liquids
  • for the separation of solid particles from both gases and liquids
  • for water analysis as well as many other physical and chemical instrumental methods

The sterilized ultrafilters are different form the non-sterilized types in the overall technology of manufacture and, particularly, in absence of any residual solvents which otherwise might inhibit the cultivation of some microbes.

They are available in the shape of small sectors of the diameter 35 mm and 50 mm (other sizes may be manufactured upon request) in the sorts designated by the number 4 – 9, the number being assigned to the respective pore size. After manufacture, the individual filters are packaged into the small plastic sacks, stacked into paper packets and the packets sterilized by the gamma rays.

Designation of the filter Size of the pores µm Examples of usage
Pragopor 4 0,85 ± 0,15 Microbiology of gases, filtration of solutions, air pollution analysis
Pragopor 5 0,6 ± 0,1 Routine microbiology of milk and dairy products, water filtration
Pragopor 6 0,4 ± 0,06 Sterile filtration of liquids
Pragopor 7 0,3 ± 0,04 Separation of microbes
Pragopor 8 0,23 ± 0,03 Separation of colloid particles from solutions, observation by electron microscope
Pragopor 9 0,17 ± 0,03 Filtration of viruses and phaguses

 

Filtration sheets

Filtration sheets

Filtration sheets are made of the same substance as the Pragopol microporous membrane ultrafilters being created by the gelatination process of the colloid solutions of nitrocellulose but applied onto the textile substrate. The structure of the tiniest voids within the filtration substance which causes its high porosity and retention capability remains the same but the mechanical strength being substantially enhanced. Like the Pragopor membrane ultrafilters, the filtration sheets feature a good resistance against most acids and alkalis and some solvents. As for the other features, both types of filters are fairly the same.

The filtration substance may be used in many fields but, unlike the membrane ultrafilters, are rather preferred in filtration and separation processes of solid particles from liquids and gases and, to a lesser extent, for some methods of chemical analysis.


The filtration sheets are available in five sorts according to the specified pore size:

Designation of the filters Size of the pores µm Examples of use
PUFS 6,5 - 8,5 Separation of aerosol particles from gases
RUFS 4,0 - 6,5 Separation of solid particles and fine water droplets from aircraft gasoline
AUFS 2,5 - 4,0 Filtration of water, oils and some solutions in chemical industry
HUFS 1,0 - 2,5  
VUFS 0,3 - 1,0 In healthcare filtration facilities
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